World Zoonoses Day - 6th July
The word “Zoonoses” is derived from the Greek word ‘Zoon’ meaning animal and ‘Noses’ meaning sickness. World Zoonoses Day is observed annually on the 6th of July worldwide to raise awareness of the dangers of Zoonotic diseases. This day aims to shed light on diseases that originate in animals that can be transmitted to humans and also commemorates the anniversary of first ever vaccine given for any zoonotic disease in 1885.
French chemist and microbiologist Louis Pasteur, who is known for his theory of pasteurization had successfully administered the first ever vaccination for a zoonotic disease to a man bitten by a dog with rabies on this day.
- Trichinosis or trichinellids – It is a type of roundworm infection caused by eating raw or undercooked meat from animals infected with the microscopic parasite trichinella.
- Some other examples of zoonotic disease include animal and bird flu, anthrax, cat scratch fever, dengue, ebola, hepatitis E, malaria, parrot fever, plague, ringworm and swine flu. The most recent example can be the COVID – 19 pandemic.
- Washing hands regularly with soap and clean, running water, especially before eating and after being around animals.
- Alcohol based hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol can be used if soap and water are not available.
- Adopting hygienic habits like keeping house clean and using insect repellant to keep the mosquitoes, flies, fleas and ticks away.
- Practice safe food handling habits like washing fruits and vegetables before consuming and keeping cooked food covered.
- Maintain a safe distance from animals.
- Do not eat, drink, or touch the mouth and eyes when in close contact with animals including pets.