Ruby General Hospital is the first NRI hospital in Eastern India. It is ISO 9001 : 2015 certified and a NABH accredited tertiary care multispeciality Hospital. This is the official blog of Ruby General Hospital, Kolkata.
National Mammography Day – 21st October
National Mammography Day is observed every third Friday of October and is a part of Breast Cancer Awareness month. This day serves as a reminder to all women that the best defense in the fight against breast cancer is early detection and early treatment can lead to a complete cure. This day also encourages women to take mammography as it helps in the early detection of breast cancer which if left untreated can lead to serious consequences.
What is mammogram ?
Mammography or mastography is a technique using low-dose x-rays to detect microcalcification and look at breast tissue to evaluate lumps, pain, discharge, skin changes and other abnormalities. A mammogram is a non invasive procedure that helps in the early detection of breast cancer in women, before any outward physical signs or symptoms and for detecting tumours inside the breast tissue that cannot be felt. This procedure is also used after cancer detection and even treatment, to make sure that the cancer has been removed or is successfully in remission.
1)Screening mammogram – It is used to look for signs of breast cancer in women who do not have any breast symptoms or problems. X-ray pictures of each breast are taken, typically from two different angles.
2)Diagnostic mammogram – It is done when there are symptoms or something unusual is seen on a screening mammogram. They may include extra views (images) of the breast that are not part of screening mammograms. Sometimes diagnostic mammograms are used to screen women who were treated for breast cancer in the past.
Importance of Mammogram :
A mammogram is the best primary screening tool in the early detection of breast cancer and can detect a breast lump two to three years earlier than a woman can feel it, thus, reducing the need for further invasive testing like needle aspirations or biopsies. Mammograms often show abnormal areas in the breast and the breast changes found are calcifications, masses, asymmetries and distortions. A baseline mammogram often detects ‘dense breasts’ and women having dense breasts can be at a higher risk of undetected breast cancer due to the thickness of the breast tissue. Though mammograms are unable to find every cancer, but, they can help detect breast cancer at an early stage leading to early treatment and a better chance of recovery, as well as the five year survival rate for breast cancer exceeds 96 percent.
Women aged 40 years and above and those at a higher risk for breast cancer should schedule a mammography annually. Even if one does not have breast health concerns, or lumps in the breast, no family history breast cancer, one should still go for regular mammograms as they can lower the risk of dying from breast cancer. Factors which increase the risk of breast cancer include heavy smoking, excessive drinking or a family history of breast cancer and as one gets older the chances of having breast cancer increase, even after menopause.
Annual mammograms remain the most important tool for diagnosing breast cancer in its early stages, and when caught early, provides a greater chance for a cure and giving best results. There is also incidence of breast cancer among men and they might require mammogram if symptoms are prevalent. National Mammography Day is a part of Breast Cancer Awareness month which is observed in the month of October all over the world.
A 56 year old lady has been presented at Ruby General Hospital with complaints of low back pain radiating down right leg and has been put under the expert care of Dr. Tamajit Chakraborty (Consultant Neurosurgeon). After thorough evaluation and relevant investigations the MRI revealed homogenously enhancing lesion in right side of spinal canal at T7 – T8 level and neural foraminal lesions in the right T7 - T8 which causes moderate compression of the cord at this level. There was also neoplastic lesion (An abnormal mass of tissue that forms when cells grow and divide rapidly) like neurogenic tumour. The lady had been diagnosed with a rare intradural extramedullary tumour (A spinal cord tumour that causes spinal cord compression) on dorsal vertebrae 7 (D7). After discussion with the treating consultant and the family the lady had been posted for surgery. D6 – D8 and D7 complete laminectomy and excision of space occupying lesion (SOL) had been performed. The patient was neurologically i
A 17 year old youth had been presented in the emergency department of RubyGeneral Hospital post a road traffic accident. He could not think rationally (altered sensorium) and had a head injury with laceration over right eye and forehead along with multiple abrasions over chest, left shoulder, both arms and knees. He had been admitted under the care of Dr. Tamajit Chakraborty (Consultant Neurosurgeon) and after evaluation and relevant investigations the young man had been diagnosed to have a compound depressed fracture (break in a bone with depression in toward the brain, loss of skin and splintering) of frontal bone and anterior skull base with avulsion (a forcible tearing off of skin) of forehead skin and large skin defect. After discussion with the family members and with proper informed consent the young man had been posted for surgery. Bifrontal Craniotomy was made with elevation of depressed skull fracture. The multiple small fragments in the anterior skull base were cleared wi
International Epilepsy Day is observed on the second Monday of February every year to raise awareness about the illness, its symptoms and preventive measures as well as shine a light on the challenges faced by people living with epilepsy. This day is organized by the International Bureau for Epilepsy (IBE) and the International League Against Epilepsy (ILAE) since 2015. The theme for this year is “Step Up Against Stigma” providing a platform for people with epilepsy and those who care for them, to dispel myths with facts. What is Epilepsy? Epilepsy is a disorder of the central nervous system causing electrical activity in the brain to stop for a short time leading to recurrent seizures. These seizures might include loss of awareness, unconsciousness, sensations etc. Epilepsy occurs due to genetic disorder or through brain injury causing abnormal behavior of the brain and it is the fourth most common neurological disorder. Despite being one of the world’s oldest known medical conditions